PDF Frontpage to jpg

First find all the files you want to convert and store their filenames in a file

find my-pdf-folder/ -type f -name "*.pdf" > pdffiles.txt

Iterate through that files and make a jpeg from them

while read -r LINE; do pdftoppm -f 1 -singlefile -jpeg "$LINE" "$LINE"; done < pdffiles.txt

Finally move all jpgs to a separate location if necessary

find my-pdf-folder/ -type f -name "*.jpg" -exec mv {} jpgs/ \;


perform action on multiple files found with find command

In reality you have quite often perform a certain command on several files. First i detect all files I’m looking for and store them in a filelist.

find . -name "myFilename" > filelist.txt

Second i run through this file, line by line and perform my command on all filename I’ve received one step before.

while read -r LINE; do echo "$LINE"; done < filelist.txt

You need to replace in several files. You can do it with sed. Be aware about masking special chars. In the example below the string „my\folder“ is replaced with „your\folder“.
Replacing with sed works like this: sed -i s#old#new#g
The delimiter (in this case the #) can be changed. The first sign after the s acts as delimiter.

while read -r LINE; do
sed -i s#\"my\/folder\",\"your\/folder\"#g "$LINE";
done < filenames.txt


how to detect space usage in linux

Getting the size of all files and folders inside the current directory can be done by typing:

 ls | xargs du -s -BM

Get filesize in descending order from all files in a recursive folder structure

find . -type f -exec du -a -h --max-depth=100 {} + | sort -hr

Another quite handy tool is ncdu. It provides you the disc usage in a graphical way on the shell. Install it like this:

sudo apt-get install ncdu

List folders bigger 1Mb and list them in descending order

du -sm * | awk '$1 > 1' | sort -n -r

List the ten largest folders inside a recursive folder structure

find . -type d -print0 | xargs -0 du | sort -n | tail -10 | cut -f2 | xargs -I{} du -sh {}


find files and strings on the shell

Find files and file content on the terminal can be achieved by the use of the find tool.

By far one of the best tools is „Silversearcher ag“, install it with sudo apt-get install silversearcher-ag. If you want to search for example recursive all folders, only php files for the search string „my Value“, simply type:

ag --php "my Value" .

Find file/s containing a specific string in its name:

find . -name "*mySearchString*" -type f

Now list all files that contain the word „searchTerm“

find . -type f -exec grep -l 'searchTerm' {} \;

List all the occurrence and their respective line-number of „searchTerm“ in files. The parameter -n toggles the line-number, the parameter -H toggles the filename.

find . -type f -exec grep -Hn 'searchTerm' {} \;

Do you want to list all files bigger than size x? Here we go:

find . -type f -size +100M -exec ls -lh {} \;

A handy tool as well is ack-grep (you have to install it first). Be sure to wrap the search-term in single quotes.

 ack-grep --php '"the":"SearchTerm"'